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centos 6.3 最小安装系统下快速搭建环境步骤分享

作者:佚名 来源:网络整理 2013-4-16

1,初始化系统环境 完成系统根新,gcc编译环境,php安装依赖,系统内核优化

. 代码如下:

lokkit --disabled --selinux=disabled
yum update -y
yum install -y telnet wget rsync subversion patch
yum install -y system-config-network-tui
yum install -y bind-utils
yum install -y vim-enhanced
yum install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf -y
yum install curl-devel libmcrypt-devel gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libXpm-devel libxml2-devel libxslt-devel mhash-devel openssl-devel -y
cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <<EOF

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 60
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 4096
EOF

2,配置ntp服务

. 代码如下:

yum install ntp -y
cp /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original
vim /etc/ntp.conf <<VIM > /dev/null 2>&1
:22,24s/^/#/
:25,25s/^/\rserver 210.72.145.44\rserver 133.100.11.8\r/
:wq
VIM
service ntpd start
chkconfig ntpd on

3,安装nginx

. 代码如下:

groupadd -r www
useradd -r -g www -s /bin/false -M www

cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo <<EOF
[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
EOF

yum search nginx
yum install nginx
chkconfig nginx on
service nginx start

ps:需要修改nginx使用用户为www,默认为nginx
4,安装mysql

. 代码如下:

wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-devel-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-client-5.5.25a-1.linux2.6.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-server-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirror.services.wisc.edu/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/MySQL-shared-compat-5.5.25a-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
yum -y localinstall MySQL-*

5,安装php 在这有根据实际情况可以选择不同的版本。
1>php-5.2.17

. 代码如下:

wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz
wget http://museum.php.net/php5/php-5.2.17.tar.gz

tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1

cd php-5.2.17

./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.2.17 \
--with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc \
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.2.17/etc/conf.d \
--with-libdir=lib64 \
--enable-fastcgi \
--enable-fpm \
--with-pear \
--with-curl \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-iconv \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mysql \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
--with-openssl=shared \
--with-mhash=shared \
--with-sqlite=shared \
--with-pdo-sqlite=shared \
--with-xsl=shared \
--with-pear \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-soap \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-magic-quotes \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-zip \
--enable-xml \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-calendar \
--enable-sqlite-utf8 \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-dba \
--enable-wddx \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-sysvshm \
--enable-sysvmsg \
--disable-debug

make && make install


cp php.ini-recommended /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php.ini
cp /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf /srv/php-5.2.17/etc/php-fpm.conf.original

2>php-5.3.10

. 代码如下:

wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.10.tar.gz
tar xf php-5.3.10.tar.gz
cd php-5.3.10
./configure --prefix=/srv/php-5.3.10 \
--with-config-file-path=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc \
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/srv/php-5.3.10 /etc/conf.d \
--with-libdir=lib64 \
--enable-fastcgi \
--enable-fpm \
--with-pear \
--with-curl \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-iconv \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mysql \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
--with-openssl=shared \
--with-mhash=shared \
--with-sqlite=shared \
--with-pdo-sqlite=shared \
--with-xsl=shared \
--without-pear \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-soap \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-magic-quotes \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-zip \
--enable-xml \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-calendar \
--enable-sqlite-utf8 \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-dba \
--enable-wddx \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-sysvshm \
--enable-sysvmsg \
--disable-debug

make && make install

php优化拿php-5.3.10为列

. 代码如下:

cp php.ini-production /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini
cp /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php-fpm.conf
vim /srv/php-5.3.10/etc/php.ini <<VIM
:%s/expose_php = On/expose_php = Off/
:643,643s/;//
:/;open_basedir =/s#^;open_basedir =#open_basedir = /www/:/tmp/#
:wq
VIM

附一个进过优化的nginx配置文件

. 代码如下:

user www www;
worker_processes 8;
error_log /www/log/nginx_error.log crit;
pid /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 204800;

events
{
use epoll;
worker_connections 204800;
}

http
{
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

server_tokens off;

charset utf-8;

server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 2k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 4k;
client_max_body_size 8m;

sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;

keepalive_timeout 60;

fastcgi_cache_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_cache levels=1:2
keys_zone=TEST:10m
inactive=5m;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 16k;
fastcgi_buffers 16 16k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 16k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 16k;
fastcgi_cache TEST;
fastcgi_cache_valid 200 302 1h;
fastcgi_cache_valid 301 1d;
fastcgi_cache_valid any 1m;
fastcgi_cache_min_uses 1;
fastcgi_cache_use_stale error timeout invalid_header http_500;

open_file_cache max=204800 inactive=20s;
open_file_cache_min_uses 1;
open_file_cache_valid 30s;


tcp_nodelay on;

gzip on;
gzip_min_length 1k;
gzip_buffers 4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;


server
{
listen 80;
server_name www.myhack58.com;
index index.php index.htm;
root /www/html/;

location /status
{
stub_status on;
}

location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
{
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fcgi.conf;
}

location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
{
expires 7d;
}

location ~ .*\.(js|css)$
{
expires 1h;
}
location ~ .*\.(html|htm)
{
expires 15m;
}
location ~ .*\.log$
{
deny all;
}


log_format access '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
access_log /www/log/access.log access;
}
}

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