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CentOS 6.4系统下编译安装LNMP和配置PHP环境具体步骤

作者:佚名 来源:网络整理 2013-5-4

一、准备工作

上pkgs.org下载rmpforge。rpmforge是一个第三方yum源。

CentOS 6.4系统下编译安装LNMP和配置PHP环境

选择相应的版本下载安装。

// 安装成功后,清空yum list 并 重新获取

[root@pangou Desktop]# yum clean all

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security

Cleaning repos: base extras rpmforge updates

Cleaning up Everything

Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors

[root@pangou Desktop]# yum -y list

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security

Determining fastest mirrors

// ......

卸载已存在的apache服务和php

[root@pangou Desktop]# yum remove httpd php*

安装development Tools

[root@pangou Desktop]# yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"

二、安装nginx

创建nginx目录,下载nginx,并解压缩

[root@pangou Downloads]# mkdir nginx

[root@pangou Downloads]# cd nginx/

[root@pangou nginx]# pwd

/root/Downloads/nginx

[root@pangou nginx]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz

--2013-04-30 23:13:44-- http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz

Resolving nginx.org... 206.251.255.63

Connecting to nginx.org|206.251.255.63|:80... connected.

HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK

Length: 773451 (755K) [application/octet-stream]

Saving to: “nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz”

100%[================================================================>] 773,451 184K/s in 4.5s

2013-04-30 23:13:48 (166 KB/s) - “nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz” saved [773451/773451]

[root@pangou nginx]# ls

nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz

[root@pangou nginx]# tar -zxvf nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz

[root@pangou nginx]# ls

nginx-1.4.0 nginx-1.4.0.tar.gz

编译安装nginx

// 编译 安装路径/opt/nginx

[root@pangou nginx-1.4.0]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/nginx/

编译中如出现报错如:

./configure: error: the HTTP rewrite module requires the PCRE library.

You can either disable the module by using --without-http_rewrite_module

option, or install the PCRE library into the system, or build the PCRE library

statically from the source with nginx by using --with-pcre= option.

就是用yum自行结局依赖关系

[root@pangou nginx-1.4.0]# yum install pcre pcre-devel

然后重新上面的编译

// 编译 安装路径/opt/nginx

[root@pangou nginx-1.4.0]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/nginx/

// 编译成功后

[root@pangou nginx-1.4.0]# make && make install

// 最后安装完成

启动nginx服务

[root@pangou nginx]# cd /opt/nginx/sbin/

[root@pangou sbin]# ./nginx

访问127.0.0.1

服务启动成功。

三、安装php

创建文件夹php,下载php,并解压缩

[root@pangou nginx-1.4.0]# cd /root/Downloads/

[root@pangou Downloads]# mkdir php

[root@pangou Downloads]# cd php/

[root@pangou php]# pwd

/root/Downloads/php

// 下载

[root@pangou php]# wget http://cn2.php.net/get/php-5.4.14.tar.gz/from/this/mirror

// 解压

[root@pangou php]# tar -zxvf php-5.4.14.tar.gz

安装依赖包

[root@pangou php]# yum install -y libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel openssl-devel libcurl-devel libmcrypt-devel

编译php

[root@pangou php]# ls

php-5.4.14 php-5.4.14.tar.gz

[root@pangou php]# cd php-5.4.14

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# pwd

/root/Downloads/php/php-5.4.14

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# ls

acinclude.m4 CREDITS ltmain.sh NEWS README.MAILINGLIST_RULES README.TESTING stamp-h.in

aclocal.m4 ext main pear README.namespaces README.TESTING2 stub.c

build EXTENSIONS makedist php5.spec.in README.NEW-OUTPUT-API README.UNIX-BUILD-SYSTEM svnclean.bat

buildconf footer Makefile.frag php.gif README.PARAMETER_PARSING_API README.WIN32-BUILD-SYSTEM tests

buildconf.bat generated_lists Makefile.gcov php.ini-development README.PHP4-TO-PHP5-THIN-CHANGES run-tests.php TSRM

CODING_STANDARDS genfiles Makefile.global php.ini-production README.REDIST.BINS sapi UPGRADING

config.guess header makerpm README.EXTENSIONS README.RELEASE_PROCESS scripts UPGRADING.INTERNALS

config.sub INSTALL missing README.EXT_SKEL README.SELF-CONTAINED-EXTENSIONS server-tests-config.php vcsclean

configure install-sh mkinstalldirs README.GIT-RULES README.STREAMS server-tests.php win32

configure.in LICENSE netware README.input_filter README.SUBMITTING_PATCH snapshot Zend

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# ./configure --prefix=/opt/php --with-config-file-path=/opt/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/ --with-mysqli=/usr/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-magic-quotes --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --enable-ftp --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear --with-gettext --with-mime-magic

// 编译时间可能有点长。。。

// 编译成功后,安装

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# make && make install

// 安装时间也比较长

安装成功后,php的位置就应该在/opt/php目录下,接下去就是配置

// 复制配置文件到配置目录下

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# cp /root/Downloads/php/php-5.4.14/php.ini-production /opt/php/etc/php.ini

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# cp /opt/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /opt/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

[root@pangou php-5.4.14]# cd /opt/php/etc/

[root@pangou etc]# ls

php-fpm.conf php-fpm.conf.default php.ini

// 然后配置nginx的配置文件,让其可以运行php

[root@pangou etc]# cd /opt/nginx/conf/

[root@pangou conf]# ls

fastcgi.conf fastcgi_params koi-utf mime.types nginx.conf scgi_params uwsgi_params win-utf

fastcgi.conf.default fastcgi_params.default koi-win mime.types.default nginx.conf.default scgi_params.default uwsgi_params.default

[root@pangou conf]# vim nginx.conf

1、去掉 #user nobody; 的#号, 变成 user nobody;

2、去掉

#location ~ \.php$ {

# root html;

# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

# fastcgi_index index.php;

# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;

# include fastcgi_params;

#}

之前的#号,

并修改

. 代码如下:

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;


. 代码如下:

[/cfastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /opt/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
ode]
最终修改后的内容为:
[code]
location ~ \.php$ {

root html;

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

fastcgi_index index.php;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /opt/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;

include fastcgi_params;

}



重启nginx服务,并开启php-fpm

[root@pangou ~]# /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx

[root@pangou ~]# /opt/php/sbin/php-fpm

// 创建phpinfo文件

[root@pangou ~]# vim /opt/nginx/html/phpinfo.php

内容为

. 代码如下:

<?php  
phpinfo();
?>

访问http://127.0.0.1/phpinfo.php

安装成功。mysql,mysqli等扩展都有。

这边有一点偷懒,并没有编译安装mysql,而是使用yum安装的mysql。

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