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centos环境下lnmp安装配置

作者:佚名 来源:网络整理 2014-1-26

安装依赖库和开发环境

代码如下:

#依赖库和开发工具

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers
#Nginx

yum -y install pcre-devel  zlib-devel
#Php

yum -y install gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel curl-devel freetype-devel
#Mysql

yum -y install bison gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib* libxml* ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel* mysql-devel
下载软件包

#创建目录

mkdir /web

cd /web
#PHP5.3.8

wget http://php.net/distributions/php-5.3.8.tar.bz2
#PHP库文件

wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
#Nginx1.5.3

wget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.5.3.tar.gz
#Nginx(pcre)

wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.13.tar.gz

如果没有8.13可以这里ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/ 下载最新
#Mysql5.5.17

wget http://mysql.mirrors.pair.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.32.tar.gz

下载最新的:http://mysql.mirrors.pair.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/
#Mysql(cmake)

wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz

安装mysql

代码如下:

#安装cmake

tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz

cd cmake-2.8.6/

./configure

gmake && gmake install  && cd ../
#添加mysql用户

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql

/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql

mkdir -p /data/mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
#安装Mysql

tar -zxvf mysql-5.5.17.tar.gz

cd mysql-5.5.17

cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/

make && make install
#设置Mysql

#在support-files目录中有五个配置信息文件:

#my-small.cnf (内存<=64M)

#my-medium.cnf (内存 128M)

#my-large.cnf (内存 512M)

#my-huge.cnf (内存 1G-2G)

#my-innodb-heavy-4G.cnf (内存 4GB)

cd /usr/local/mysql

cp ./support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

vi /etc/my.cnf

#在 [mysqld] 段增加

datadir = /data/mysql

wait-timeout = 30

max_connections = 512

default-storage-engine = MyISAM

#在 [mysqld] 段修改

max_allowed_packet = 16M
#生成授权表

cd /usr/local/mysql

./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
#更改密码

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 123456
#开启mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &
#测试连接mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p 123456

show databases;

exit;
#设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#加入

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

可能出现ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)

cd /tmp //发现没有

ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock

cd /var/run/

chown -R mysql mysqld

安装php

代码如下:

#1

tar -zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz && cd libiconv-1.14/

./configure --prefix=/usr/local

make && make install && cd ../
#2

tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz && cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/

./configure &&  make && make install

/sbin/ldconfig && cd libltdl/ && ./configure --enable-ltdl-install

make && make install && cd ../
#3

tar -zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz && cd mhash-0.9.9.9/ && ./configure

make && make install && cd ../
#4

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1

ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config
#5
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz &&cd mcrypt-2.6.8/

/sbin/ldconfig

./configure

make && make install && cd ../
#6
tar -xjvf php-5.3.8.tar.bz2

cd php-5.3.8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \

--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \

--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/ --with-freetype-dir \

--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \

--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \

--with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib \

--with-mhash --enable-sockets --enable-ftp \

--with-libxml-dir --enable-xml --disable-rpath \

--enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath \

--enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem \

--enable-inline-optimization --with-curl \

--with-curlwrappers \

--enable-mbregex \

--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd \

--enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash \

--enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl \

--enable-fpm \

--with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap \

--without-pear \

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

#注意这里容易出现 make: *** [ext/phar/phar.php] 错误 127

#出现mysql client解决方法

#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so /usr/lib/

#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

#或者chmod: 无法访问 “ext/phar/phar.phar”: 没有那个文件或目录

#make: [ext/phar/phar.phar] 错误 1 (忽略)

#解决方法在编译的时候加--without-pear参数

#如果还不行,make的时候不添加 ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv' 参数

make install
#选择PHP.ini配置文件
cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
更改PHP-FPM
#添加WWW用户
/usr/sbin/groupadd www && /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www

mkdir -p /var/log/nginx && chmod +w /var/log/nginx &&chown -R www:www /var/log/nginx

mkdir -p /data/www && chmod +w /data/www && chown -R www:www /data/www

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
#去掉/更改 配置文件中的;

pm.max_children = 64

pm.start_servers = 20

pm.min_spare_servers = 5

pm.max_spare_servers = 35

pm.max_requests = 1024

user = www
group = www
#检查语法是否正确

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t

#出现NOTICE: configuration file /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf test is successful 测试成功

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &

#设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

#在行末加入

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &
#返回安装包目录

cd /web
安装Nginx

#安装pcre库

tar -zxvf pcre-8.13.tar.gz && cd pcre-8.13/ && ./configure

make && make install && cd ../
#安装Nginx


tar -zxvf nginx-1.0.9.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.0.9 &&

./configure --user=www --group=www \

--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \

--sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx \

--conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf \

--with-http_stub_status_module \

--with-http_ssl_module \

--with-pcre \

--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \

--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid

make && make install && cd ../
#更改配置
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
#修改一些参数,别直接替换文件,这只是一部分

代码如下:

user www

events {

  use epoll;

   worker_connections  1024;

}

location ~ \.php$ {

           root           html;

           fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;

           fastcgi_index  index.php;

           fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

           include        fastcgi_params;

       }


代码如下:

#注意这里

#$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

#检测配置文件

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
#提示表示成功
#nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

#开启Nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx &
#平滑重启Nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
#添加开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#最后移行加入

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
#测试

cd /usr/local/nginx/html/

touch index.php

vi /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php

代码如下:

<?php

phpinfo();

?>


phpmyadmin下载地址
http://sourceforge.net/projects/phpmyadmin/files/phpMyAdmin/4.0.4.2/phpMyAdmin-4.0.4.2-all-languages.tar.gz/download

#discuz伪静态

代码如下:

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/topic-(.+)\.html$ $1/portal.php?mod=topic&topic=$2 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/article-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/portal.php?mod=view&aid=$2&page=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/forum-(\w+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=forumdisplay&fid=$2&page=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=$2&extra=page%3D$4&page=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/group-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=group&fid=$2&page=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ $1/home.php?mod=space&$2=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/blog-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/home.php?mod=space&uid=$2&do=blog&id=$3 last;

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/(fid|tid)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/index.php?action=$2&value=$3 last;

if (!-e $request_filename) {

return 404;

}

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